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These techniques are not quick solutions and will not work with every student. Some of the ideas are ongoing climate enhancements to create a positive environment with the students. These ideas were provided by alternative education staff across Pennsylvania. New ideas are always welcome.

  1. Ask open-ended questions.
  2. Model positive behavior.
  3. Provide anger management classes.
  4. Never physically square off with a student.
  5. Use non-threatening body language.
  6. Stay engaged less than 10 seconds in each instance.
  7. Give choice or expectation, then walk away.
  8. Do not take bad behavior personally.
  9. Handle the situation without asking for principal’s assistance.
  10. Treat students fair but not necessarily equal.
  11. Rewards for good behavior is not always a good idea.
  12. Train administrators and teachers.
  13. Encourage students, do not discourage.
  14. Create a personal time out area. A safe area but in the classroom. Do not use the area in a punitive manner.
  15. Use guided imagery, Yoga, Tai Chi or meditation.
  16. Use music to calm and as a coping skill.
  17. Have student use repetition of a positive statement.
  18. Use Art Therapy.
  19. Listen to why the student is angry.
  20. Put yourself on the same physical level with the student (come out from your desk, sit beside them).
  21. Use humor.
  22. Use Roger’s Theory of Congruence – Long term climate
  23. Use pro-active approaches to get to know the student.
  24. Practice tolerance.
  25. Provide zero tolerance for bullying.
  26. Speak softer when the student’s voice raises in volume.
  27. Never use finger pointing.
  28. Never block escape routes.
  29. Use benign silence.
  30. Reframe alternative education as a privilege.
  31. Have a “Resolve” room instead of “Time out”.
  32. Make eye contact.
  33. Identify aggressor and separate to neutralize situation.
  34. Intervene at earliest point of contact.
  35. Use alternate personnel and staff.
  36. Allow student to express feelings either verbally or in writing.
  37. Provide choices to escape the situation.
  38. Allow students to have whatever time is needed to cool down.
  39. Use a calming prop such as a water fountain or fish aquarium.
  40. Allow peer mediation to occur without intervention.
  41. Create win/win situations.
  42. Allow the student to take a walk away from the situation.