This section of the Archaeology website was developed by Dr. Bernard K. Means based on his ongoing research into New Deal archaeology in Pennsylvania

Radiocarbon dates obtained from current research

Notes on the table: For the first time, secure radiocarbon dates were obtained from village sites excavated during the New Deal in Somerset County and one site with problematic dates. These radiocarbon dates showed that most of the villages were occupied within a century of one another and that one village component was inhabited during the early 16th century A.D. See Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition for more details on the significance of these new dates, which were obtained from curated (stored) archaeological collections. This project was made possible thanks to support from the National Science Foundation under Grant No. (BCS-0226785) entitled "Modeling Somerset Monongahela Village Organization Within a Chronological Framework Developed through AMS Dating of Curated Organic Remains."

Occupation

Feature

Feature Type

 Artifact

Material Dated

Sample

Radiocarbon Age

Results (calibrated 2 sigma range)

PECK NO. 1

Initial core

68

Unknown

CMNH 7220

Wood charcoal

AA52971

578 + 42 B.P.

A.D. 1297 to 1424

Initial core

88

Unknown

CMNH 7233

Wood charcoal

AA52970

639 + 44 B.P.

A.D. 1281 to 1401

Initial core

123

Unknown

TSMP 2022

Organic residue

AA53678

737 + 46 B.P. 1

A.D. 1209 to 1387

First expansion

15

Unknown

TSMP 2055

Organic residue

AA53677

614 + 35 B.P.

A.D. 1292 to 1404

First expansion

46

Unknown

CMNH 7204

Organic residue

AA52972

762 + 36 B.P. 1

A.D. 1213 to 1289

Second expansion

103

Unknown

CMNH 7242

Organic residue

AA52973

536 + 36 B.P. 2

A.D. 1313 to 1441

Second expansion

103

Unknown

CMNH 7242

Organic residue

AA52973

540 + 36 B.P. 2

A.D. 1311 to 1440

Second expansion

103

Unknown

TSMP1788

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA58580

1169 + 35 B.P. 3

A.D. 774 to 971

Second expansion

103

Unknown

TSMP1909

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA58581

824 + 35 B.P. 3

A.D. 1158 to 1272

Second expansion

112

Unknown

CMNH 7249

Organic residue

AA52974

658 + 35 B.P.

A.D. 1276 to 1395

FORT HILL

Fort Hill I

12

Unknown

TSMP 1380

Organic residue

AA53669

754 + 34 B.P.

A.D. 1218 to 1288

Fort Hill I

12

Unknown

TSMP 0648

Organic residue

AA58578

990 + 69 B.P. 1

A.D. 897 to 1209

Fort Hill I

12

Unknown

TSMP 0648

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA58579

1162 + 35 B.P. 3

A.D. 776 to 971

Fort Hill I

35

Unknown

TSMP 0409

Organic residue

AA53673

658 + 33 B.P. 1

A.D. 1277 to 1394

Fort Hill I

49

Unknown

TSMP 1313

Organic residue

AA53667

802 + 34 B.P. 2

A.D. 1176 to 1276

Fort Hill I

49

Unknown

TSMP 1313

Organic residue

AA53667

847 + 35 B.P. 2

A.D. 1050 to 1264

Fort Hill I

28

Free-standing post-enclosed feature

TSMP 0627

Organic residue

AA53663

763 + 43 B.P.

A.D. 1184 to 1294

Fort Hill I

29

Unknown

TSMP 0546

Organic residue

AA53664

693 + 39 B.P.

A.D. 1257 to 1392

Fort Hill I

35

Unknown

TSMP 0408

Organic residue

AA53666

582 + 57 B.P. 1

A.D. 1291 to 1429

Fort Hill II

85

Hearth

TSMP 0337

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA53660

1026 + 36 B.P. 3

A.D. 898 to 1149

Fort Hill II

40

Unknown

TSMP 0661

Organic residue

AA53659

695 + 38 B.P.

A.D. 1257 to 1391

Fort Hill II

84

Hearth

TSMP 0488

Wood charcoal

AA53672

753 + 41 B.P.

A.D. 1193 to 1379

Fort Hill II

85

Hearth

TSMP 0335

Wood charcoal

AA53670

366 + 46 B.P. 4

A.D. 1447 to 1636

GOWER

 

1

Hearth

TSMP 1853

Organic residue

AA53665

744 + 48 B.P.

A.D. 1186 to 1385

 

1

Hearth

TSMP 1843

Organic residue

AA53668

1184 + 34 B.P. 5

A.D. 722 to 965

RECKNER

Village

101

Free-standing post-enclosed feature

TSMP 2398

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA53675

945 + 45 B.P. 3

A.D. 1017 to 1207

Village

77

Midden

TSMP 2384

Organic residue

AA53662

529 + 40 B.P. 2

A.D. 1312 to 1444

Village

77

Midden

TSMP 2384

Organic residue

AA53662

599 + 43 B.P. 2

A.D. 1292 to 1413

Village

2

Unknown

TSMP 2424

Organic residue

AA53676

583 + 34 B.P.

A.D. 1298 to 1418

Non-village cluster

177

Post-enclosed feature attached to another pit

TSMP 2390

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA53671

815 + 36 B.P. 3

A.D. 1163 to 1272

PECK NO. 2

Peck No. 2-1

12

Pit with posts in or adjacent

CMNH 7268

Organic residue

AA52977

864 + 40 B.P.

A.D. 1043 to 1259

Peck No. 2-1

25

Unknown

CMNH 7279

Organic residue

AA52976

889 + 38 B.P.

A.D. 1037 to 1219

Peck No. 2-1

45

Unknown

CMNH 7293

Organic residue

AA52978

918 + 39 B.P.

A.D. 1028 to 1207

Peck No. 2-2

32

Unknown

CMNH 7284

Wood charcoal

AA52969

418 + 42 B.P.

A.D. 1420 to 1631

Peck No. 2-2

47

Unknown

CMNH 7295

Wood charcoal

AA52968

561 + 42 B.P. 1

A.D. 1300 to 1434

Peck No. 2-2

51

Free-standing post-enclosed feature

CMNH 7297

Section of maize cob

AA53309

364 + 44 B.P.

A.D. 1448 to 1635

Peck No. 2-2

69

Unknown

CMNH 7303

Organic residue

AA52975

815 + 36 B.P. 5

A.D. 1163 to 1272

Peck No. 2-2

77

Unknown

CMNH 7305

Wood charcoal

AA52966

913 + 46 B.P. 5

A.D. 1027 to 1212

Peck No. 2-2

90

Unknown

CMNH 7308

Wood charcoal

AA52967

321 + 41 B.P.

A.D. 1468 to  1648

TROUTMAN

 

56

Unknown

TSMP 1167

Organic residue

AA53679

742 + 40 B.P.

A.D. 1215 to 1380

 

15

Unknown

TSMP 1166

Shell removed from shell tempered sherd

AA53661

1264 + 87 B.P. 3

A.D. 638 to 971

EMERICK

 

46

Unknown

TSMP 1396

Section of  bone awl

AA53674

676 + 41 B.P.

A.D. 1265 to 1395

GNAGEY NO. 3

Gnagey No. 3-1

4

Stockade trench

CMNH 7141

Maize kernel

AA53310

692 + 46 B.P.

A.D. 1228 to 1395

Gnagey No. 3-1

122

Stockade trench

CMNH 7548

Section of cotyledon

AA53306

713 + 34 B.P.

A.D. 1228 to 1386

Gnagey No. 3-2

15

Free-standing post-enclosed feature

CMNH 7150

Maize kernel

AA53311

590 + 50 B.P.

A.D. 1291 to 1422

Gnagey No. 3-2

88

Smudge pit

CMNH 7525

Maize cob

AA53307

202 + 33 B.P. 4

A.D. 1644 to 1952

Gnagey No. 3-2

114

Smudge pit

CMNH 7544

Maize cob

AA53308

246 + 33 B.P. 4

A.D. 1522 to 1951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1   This date is statistically different from others in the village component(s).

2   Organic material was sub-divided and each division was dated  .

3   All dates from shell were excluded from the analysis as invalid.

4   Date is too recent for village context.

5   Date is too early for village context.

Abbreviations: TSMP = The State Museum of Pennsylvania; CMNH = Carnegie Museum of Natural History