Table of Excavations in Chronological Order

Site NameSite Type AgencyDates of Excavation Comments
Montague VillagePHC?October 22, 1934 to November 7, 1934? In early 1934, an initial survey of archaeological resources in Somerset County was sponsored by the short-lived Civil Works Administration (CWA) under the guidance of Flora Black.   The Pennsylvania Historical Commission (PHC) directed the initial work at the Montague site in late 1934, possibly funded in part through federal relief funds.  The next major project in Somerset County was funded  through the CWA's parent organization, the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA).  Most relief excavations in Somerset County were done under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), later renamed the Works Projects Administration.  Relief funding was not steadily available and could have been terminated at any moment, accounting for some of the breaks between the excavation of different sites.  This situation made it difficult to plan many archaeological projects. 

Note on site numbers : The number following each site name is based on the Smithsonian Institution's trinomial numbering system for archaeological sites.  The first part of the number refers to the state, where 36 equals Pennsylvania.  The second part of the number refers to the county within the state, where So refers to Somerset County.  The last part of the number refers to the sequential recording of archaeological sites within a particular county.  Thus, Peck 1 (36 So 1) was the first site recorded in Pennsylvania's Somerset County.

  WPAMarch 22, 1936 to July 1,1936
ClouseVillageFERAMay 5, 1935 to July 19, 1935
  WPAJuly 2, 1936 to July 7, 1936
Hanna VillageWPANovember 1, 1935 to March 1, 1936
Peck 1 VillageWPAOctober 13, 1936 to January 29, 1937
Peck 2 VillageWPAMarch 2, 1937 to May 18, 1937
Reckner VillageWPAMay 27, 1937 to August 5, 1937
Emerick VillageWPAAugust 27, 1937 to October 20, 1937
Troutman VillageWPAOctober 27, 1937 to January 20, 1938
Powell 1VillageWPAJanuary 31, 1938 to March 9, 1938
Powell 2 VillageWPAMarch 24, 1938 to April 12, 1938
Fort Oak CampWPAApril 27, 1938 to May 11, 1938
Martz Rock Shelter RockshelterWPAJune 14, 1938 to June 20, 1938
Martz Rock Shelter No. 2 RockshelterWPAJune 14, 1938 to June 20, 1938
Fort HillVillageWPAJune 26, 1939 to October 30, 1939 and April 3, 1940 to June 18,1940
Fort Hill Rock SheltersRocksheltersWPANovember 6, 1939 to November 22, 1939
Gower VillageWPADecember 20, 1939 to April 2, 1940
Merle Rock ShelterRockshelterWPAJune 6, 1940 to June 7, 1940

This section of the Archaeology website was developed by Dr. Bernard K. Means based on his ongoing research into New Deal archaeology in Pennsylvania