1991 Historical Archaeology in Pennsylvania During the Depression. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 61 (2): 18-30.
1938a Recent Discoveries in Somerset County. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (1):6-12.
1938b Indian Fortifications in Somerset County. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (2):41-45.
1938c Somerset County Excavations: The Powell Sites. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (3):60-63, 71.
1938d Important Research on Peck and Martz Rock Shelter Site in Somerset County. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (4):83-88.
1940 Fort Hill. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 10 (3):51-58.
1936 Recent Archaeological Work in Southwestern Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 6 (3):55-58.
1939 Three Archaeological Sites in Somerset County, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Historical Commission Bulletin 753. Pennsylvania Historical Commission, Harrisburg.
1935a The Pennsylvania Historical Commission's Work in Somerset County. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 4 (4):10-12.
1935b Recent Archaeological Work in Somerset County. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 5 (2):35-36.
1936a Archaeology and the Works Progress Administration in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 5 (4):99.
1936b Progress of Research in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 6(2): 31-33.
2007 Monongahela Mortuary Practices at the Reckner Site. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 23:117-122.
Cresson, Francis M., Jr.
1942 Village Sites in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 12 (1):16-20.
1983 The Gnagey Site and the Monongahela Occupation of the Somerset Plateau. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 53 (4): 1-97.
Hart, John P.
1993 Monongahela Subsistence-Settlement Change: The Late Prehistoric Period in the Lower Upper Ohio Valley. Journal of World Prehistory 7:71-120.
1955 Prehistory of the Upper Ohio Valley; An Introductory Archeological Study (Anthropological Series, No. 2). Annals of Carnegie Museum 34. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh.
Means, Bernard K.
1998 Archaeological Past and Present: Field Methodology from 1930s Relief Excavations in Somerset County, Pennsylvania and its Relevance to Modern Archaeological Interpretations. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 14:39-63. Available on line at: http://www.quemahoning.com/Somerset/BKMeans/WPA.htm
1999 Monongahela Mortuary Practices in Somerset County, Pennsylvania: Observations and Implications. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 69 (2):15-44.
2000a An Archaeology of Archaeology: Recent Investigations into the 1938 Martz Rock Shelters Excavations. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 70 (1):45-80.
2000b Archaeology in Black and White: Digging Somerset County’s Past During the Great Depression. Pennsylvania Heritage 26 (3):6-11. Available on line at: http://phmc.state.pa.us
2000c Toward a Model of Monongahela Village Community Organization: Analyzing Pit Feature Data Recovered from the 1934 to 1940 Somerset County Relief Excavations. North American Archaeologist 21 (1):35-61.
2000d Mapping a New Future for the Past: Further Insights into Depression-era Archaeological Excavations in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 16:155-166.
2001 Circular Reasoning: Ring-shaped Village Settlements in Late Prehistoric Southwestern Pennsylvania and Beyond. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 17:109-131.
2002a “....To Reconstruct These Houses of Men Who Lived in a Stone Age:” Modeling Village Community Organization Using Data from the Somerset County Relief Excavations. In Northeast Subsistence-Settlement Change: A.D. 700 - A.D. 1300, edited by John P. Hart and Christina Rieth, pp. 43-71. New York State Museum Bulletin 496. The University of the State of New York, Albany.
2002b Revisiting Mary Butler’s “Three Archaeological Sites in Somerset County, Pennsylvania” for Continuing Insights into Depression-era Archaeology in Southwestern Pennsylvania and Late Prehistoric Monongahela Social Organization. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 72 (2): 8-46.
2002c The Later Prehistory of Meyersdale, Pennsylvania, and Its Surroundings. North American Archaeologist 23 (4):281-307.
2003 Deliver Me From Mononga-Hell: Thinking Beyond the Culture History Paradigm to Examine the Temporal and Spatial Parameters of Somerset Monongahela Village Settlements. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 19:37-58.
2005a New Dates for New Deal Excavated Monongahela Villages in Somerset County. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 75 (1):49-61.
2005b New AMS Dates Challenge Our Understanding of the Later Prehistory of the Upper Ohio Valley. PAC [Pennsylvania Archaeological Council] Newsletter 26:8-9. Available on line at: http://home.earthlink.net/~pxxmiller/newssu05.html
2005c Late Woodland Villages in the Allegheny Mountains Region of Southwestern Pennsylvania: Temporal and Social Implications of New Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Dates. Uplands Archaeology in the East VII and IX, edited by Carole L. Nash and Michael B. Barber, pp. 13-23. Archeological Society of Virginia Special Publication 38-7.
2006a Circular Reasoning: Drawing on Models of Ring-shaped Village Spatial Layouts To Examine Villages in Late Prehistoric Pennsylvania. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
2006b The social implications of a new method for estimating the number of residents within Monongahela houses from their floor areas. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 22: 31-50.
2007a Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.
2007b On the Application of Circular Statistics to Grave Orientations at Two Monongahela Village Sites. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 23. 105-116.
Means, Bernard K. and Laura J. Galke
2004 Making a Future for the Past: New Dating Meets New Deal Archaeology. Pennsylvania Heritage. Winter. 30 (1):6-11. Available online at: http://phmc.state.pa.us
Murray, J. W.
1933 Depression Aids Archaeology at Athens, PA. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 3 (5): 17-19.
1939 The Monongahela Woodland Culture of Western Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 9 (4):59-62
Available now from The University of Alabama Press: Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition.
Download book order form.
This new book presents a modern analysis of village sites excavated during the 1930s-era New Deal archaeology projects in Somerset County, as well as village sites uncovered in the 1970s and the 1990s near Meyersdale, also in Somerset County. Each village site is studied in terms of its community pattern--how and why people organized their family dwellings in unique ways around their central plazas. Radiocarbon dates were recently obtained from many of the New Deal excavated village sites and these are included within this volume. Researchers studying circular settlements in other parts of the world may also be interested in how circular villages of the Monongahela tradition were analyzed within this work.