The National Register Process in Pennsylvania

Neff Round BarnIn Pennsylvania properties are nominated to the National Register by the Bureau for Historic Preservation (BHP). The BHP's role in this process is review and advisory in nature. Only the Keeper of the National Register has the authority to list a property or determine if it is eligible for the National Register. All other findings by SHPOs or federal agencies are considered to be opinions. To list a property in the National Register private property owners must apply through the State Historic Preservation Office. Private property owners may apply directly to the office of the Keepers only through the designated appeals process. The listing process is detailed in the Code of Federal Regulations 36CFR Part 60

The BHP reviews submitted nominations to determine whether they meet the National Register Criteria for Evaluation. The Bureau's National Register staff reviews adequacy of documentation, assures that the procedures and standards of the National Register program are met, and conducts site visits to proposed historic districts.

The steps in the National Register process are as follows:

1.      Historic Resource Form (HRF): BHP receives descriptive and historical information on buildings, structures, objects, sites, and districts on the HRF.

2.      Eligibility : Completed HRFs are reviewed by a committee of BHP staff (using National Register criteria) to determine if properties are eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.  Please also see the re-evaluation policy below.

a.      NPS regulations 36 CFR parts 60 and 800 give SHPOs 30 days to respond to federal agency requests for evaluation under Section 106 and 60 days to respond to requests for evaluation for NR listing. 

b.      BHP will request additional information if needed.

c.       After one request for additional information if BHP considers the property to be ineligible or still cannot make a determination, the property owner will be provided with instructions regarding the National Register appeals process according to 36 CFR 60.12. 

3.      Nomination : If eligible, the owner may proceed with formally nominating the property to the National Register using the National Park Service registration form. 

a.      Review by BHP following Nomination Priorities.  

b.      Reviews are generally completed within 60 days.

c.       For historic districts two field views will be required.  The first field view will be conducted BHP staff and a Historic Preservation Board representative to establish the boundaries of the proposed district.  The second will be conducted with BHP staff to field check the inventory.

d.      Staff will provide one substantive review.

e.      Following review of the revised submission the BHP will make the decision whether to forward the nomination to the state Historic Preservation Board .

f.        If the nomination is not forwarded the property owner will be provided with instructions regarding the National Register appeals process according to 36 CFR 60.12. 

4.      State Review Board : Completed nominations are submitted to the Pennsylvania Historic Preservation Board.  The Board  meets on the first Tuesday of February, June and October. The Board reviews the nomination, considering whether or not it meets the criteria for evaluation and its level of significance prior to its submittal to the National Park Service.

a.      Nominations are scheduled for the Preservation Board 90 days in advance of the meeting date.

b.      Public notification is issued 30-75 days prior to the meeting according to 36 CFR 60.6. 

c.       The Board will accept or reject the nomination.  If the Board rejects the nomination the property owner will be provided with instructions regarding the National Register appeals process according to 36 CFR 60.12, and/or with Board recommendations for revising and resubmitting the nomination. 

d.      If the nomination is accepted, BHP staff will forward the nomination to the National Park Service. 36 CFR 60.11(e) requires that the SHPO submit the nomination to the Keeper of the National Register within 90 days of the Board meeting or advise the owner within 45 days that the nomination will not be forwarded.

5.      National Park Service : Approves nominations that are sent to it for listing in the National Register.

a.      NPS review is generally completed within 45 days.

b.      NPS posts listings weekly on its website.

c.        NPS will return nominations deemed technically incomplete or inadequately documented.

Re-evaluation Policy
It is the Bureau for Historic Preservation's general policy that properties evaluated for National Register eligibility five or more years ago may need to be re-evaluated.  The intent is to ensure that original evaluations were based on adequate information, that additional information about the property is/or is not available, and that the subject property retains integrity.  Interpretation of a property, or a property's eligibility, may also change if new contextual information is available, such as a new statewide or regional context.  The BHP may request current photographs, additional research to conform with contemporary historic research methodology, and/or information newly available through internet resources (such as census data, historic maps, tax records, periodicals and newspapers, etc.). 

National Register Appeals
36 CFR 60.12 refers to the rights of nominators to appeal a SHPO decision not to nominate a property.  The appeal must include a copy of the nomination form and other documentation submitted to the SHPO, and explanation of the reason for the appeal, and relevant correspondence from the SHPO.  36CFR60.6 (t) states that any person supporting or opposing a nomination may petition the Keeper during the nomination process to accept or reject a nomination.  The request must be made in writing to substantively review the nomination and must state the grounds for the petition. 


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