The Initiating process consists of activities performed to officially kick off a project. The project manager is assigned during this process. The project manager reviews the documents that were produced during the Pre-Initiation process, and then begins to take the project through its life cycle.
The Planning process consists of processes performed to plan and manage a project. It establishes the total scope of the effort, defines and refines the objectives, and develops the course of action required to attain those objectives.
The Monitoring and Controlling process consists of processes that monitor and control risks, changes, quality, and reports the performance of a project. The primary purpose is to monitor the project so that corrective action can be taken to control the execution of the project.
These optional supporting documents can be used at the project manager’s discretion. These documents are not deliverables associated with the project, but might useful in the management of the project.