Clouse site (36 So 3)
  Sketch of round bottom ceramic vessels.

Sketches of artifacts adapted from field records. The whereabouts of the original artifacts are not currently known.

The Clouse site consisted of two palisaded enclosures of unknown age. The larger enclosure, Clouse I, encircled five dwellings and numerous pit features. However, the dwelling locations were lost by one of the original excavators so it is not clear whether or not Clouse I was a circular village with an open plaza. Clouse I was oriented so that its long axis paralleled the nearby Youghiogheny River. Clouse II encircled a single, centrally located hearth and may have been devoted to ceremonial or ritual purposes. Unlike Clouse I, Clouse II was not oriented relative to the river but rather its longest dimension was aligned along an east-west axis.
Site Maps

Site map of the Clouse site (Adapted from Mary Butler's (1939) Three Sites in Somerset County, Penna. )
Site map of the Clouse site (Adapted from Mary Butler's (1939) Three Sites in Somerset County, Penna. )

-oriented site map of the Clouse site.  Note that the largest dimension of Clouse I (the larger enclosure) parallels the Youghiogheny River while the largest dimension of Clouse II (the smaller enclosure) is oriented along an east-west axis.
Re-oriented site map of the Clouse site.  Note that the largest dimension of Clouse I (the larger enclosure) parallels the Youghiogheny River while the largest dimension of Clouse II (the smaller enclosure) is oriented along an east-west axis.

References

Butler, Mary

 

     1936      Recent Archaeological Work in Southwestern Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 6 (3):55-58.

1939      Three Archaeological Sites in Somerset County, Pennsylvania.  Pennsylvania Historical Commission Bulletin 753.  Pennsylvania Historical Commission, Harrisburg.

 

Cadzow, Donald

 

1935a     The Pennsylvania Historical Commission's Work in  Somerset County.  The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 4 (4):10-12.

1935b     Recent Archaeological Work in Somerset County.  The Pennsylvania Archaeologist 5 (2):35-36.

 

Hart, John P. 

    1993      Monongahela Subsistence-Settlement Change: The Late Prehistoric Period in the Lower Upper Ohio Valley. Journal of World Prehistory 7:71-120. 

 

Means, Bernard K.

 

1998      Archaeological Past and Present: Field Methodology from 1930s Relief Excavations in Somerset County, Pennsylvania and its Relevance to Modern Archaeological Interpretations.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 14:39-63.

            Available on line at: http://www.quemahoning.com/Somerset/BKMeans/WPA.htm

1999      Monongahela Mortuary Practices in Somerset County, Pennsylvania: Observations and Implications.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 69 (2):15-44.

2002      Revisiting Mary Butler’s “Three Archaeological Sites in Somerset County, Pennsylvania” for Continuing Insights into Depression-era Archaeology in Southwestern Pennsylvania and Late Prehistoric Monongahela Social Organization. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 72 (2): 8-46.

2003      Deliver Me From Mononga-Hell: Thinking Beyond the Culture History Paradigm to Examine the Temporal and Spatial Parameters of Somerset Monongahela Village Settlements.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 19:37-58.

2006       Circular Reasoning: Drawing on Models of Ring-shaped Village Spatial Layouts To Examine Villages in Late Prehistoric Pennsylvania. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

2007       Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition   The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Artifact Images

All images below derived from original field notes dating to 1935 or 1936.  Click on the image for a larger photograph.

Tobacco pipes from Clouse
Tobacco pipes from Clouse

Ceramic vessel profiles from Clouse
Ceramic vessel profiles from Clouse

A ceramic vessel profile from Clouse
A ceramic vessel profile from Clouse