Peck 1 (36 So 1)
  

The field crew that excavated the Peck 1 site takes a well-deserved rest (Courtesy of The State Museum of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission).

Peck 1 was excavated beginning in the fall months on October 13, 1936 and continued through the winter months until January 29, 1937. This village site was expanded twice during its occupation around A.D. 1360, either to let in new villagers and/or to accommodate internal population growth. Approximately 325 villagers inhabited Peck 1's 38 dwellings. The 129 pit features found at the site were assigned fire, refuse, and storage functions by the WPA field crew. Four definite and one possible grave were also encountered.

Artifact Images

 

Chipped stone tools

from Peck 1

Groundstone artifacts

from Peck 1

A ceramic vessel

from Peck 1

 

Tobacco pipes

from Peck 1

Gorget fragments

from Peck 1

A ceramic vessel

from Peck 1  

Site Maps

 
(1) Site map of Peck 1 produced by Edgar Augustine in 1942 . (2) Revised site map of Peck 1 with addition of dwelling, shown shaded, missing from Edgar Augustine's 1942 map.

References

Augustine, Edgar

1938      Important Research on Peck and Martz Rock Shelter Site in Somerset County.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (4):83-88.

 

Hart, John P.

1993      Monongahela Subsistence-Settlement Change: The Late Prehistoric Period in the Lower Upper Ohio Valley. Journal of World Prehistory 7:71-120.

 

Means, Bernard K.

1998       Archaeological Past and Present: Field Methodology from 1930s Relief Excavations in Somerset County, Pennsylvania and its Relevance to Modern Archaeological Interpretations.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 14:39-63.

             Available on line at: http://www.quemahoning.com/Somerset/BKMeans/WPA.htm

1999       Monongahela Mortuary Practices in Somerset County, Pennsylvania: Observations and Implications.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 69 (2):15-44.

2002       Revisiting Mary Butler’s “Three Archaeological Sites in Somerset County, Pennsylvania” for Continuing Insights into Depression-era Archaeology in Southwestern Pennsylvania and Late Prehistoric Monongahela Social Organization. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 72 (2): 8-46.

2003       Deliver Me From Mononga-Hell: Thinking Beyond the Culture History Paradigm to Examine the Temporal and Spatial Parameters of Somerset Monongahela Village Settlements.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 19:37-58.

2006       Circular Reasoning: Drawing on Models of Ring-shaped Village Spatial Layouts To Examine Villages in Late Prehistoric Pennsylvania. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

2007       Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition   The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Site Scenes

All images on this page derived from original field notes dating to 1936 or 1937.  Click on the image for a larger photograph.


Visitors to Peck 1


Visitors to Peck 1


Excavating a feature at Peck 1


Excavating at Peck 1


Winter Excavation at Peck 1


Winter Excavation at Peck 1


Winter Excavation at Peck 1


Winter Excavation at Peck 1