Powell 1 site (36 So 11)
Men digging in snow covered field

WPA field crew excavating at the Powell 1 site.

Powell 1 was investigated by a WPA crew from January 31 to March 9, 1938. Erosion destroyed part of Powell 1's dwelling ring and a section of its palisade. This circular village of unknown age had at least 27 dwellings that accounted for a total village population of around 202 people. Dwellings were closer than necessary given the available settlement space and suggest that social groups in the form of multi-dwelling clusters occupied discrete segments of the village’s occupation zone. There were 13 post-enclosed features at Powell 1 of which eight were attached to dwellings. Six dwellings had one attached post-enclosed feature each, whereas one dwelling had two such features. One post-enclosed feature had a layer of charred elder twigs lining its base. Ten graves were documented at Powell 1, none of which had associated cultural remains

Site Maps

Site map of Powell 1 produced by Edgar Augustine in 1942  
Site map of Powell 1 produced by Edgar Augustine in 1942

Site Scenes 

Sylvester Powell examines excavations
Sylvester Powell examines excavations at Powell 1

WPA crea (and dog) at Powell 1
WPA crea (and dog) at Powell 1

Excavating at Powell 1
Excavating at Powell 1

Excavating at Powell 1
Excavating at Powell 1


Excavating at Powell 1

Excavating at Powell 1
Excavating at Powell 1

Excavating at Powell 1
Excavating at Powell 1

Excavating in the winter at Powell 1
Excavating in the winter at Powell 1


Visitors view excavations at Powell 1


School girls visit Powell 1


Pit feature filled with rain water


Palisade line with sticks in posts

Post-lined storage pit with sticks in posts
Post-lined storage pit with sticks in posts

Post-lined storage pit with sticks in posts
Post-lined storage pit with sticks in posts

Excavated house with sticks in posts during winter
Excavated house with sticks in posts during winter

Excavated house with sticks in posts and central hearth during winter
Excavated house with sticks in posts and central hearth during winter

Palisade line with sticks in posts during winter
Palisade line with sticks in posts during winter

 
References

Augustine, Edgar

1938      Important Research on Peck and Martz Rock Shelter Site in Somerset County.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (4):83-88.

 

Hart, John P.

1993      Monongahela Subsistence-Settlement Change: The Late Prehistoric Period in the Lower Upper Ohio Valley. Journal of World Prehistory 7:71-120.


Means, Bernard K.

1998       Archaeological Past and Present: Field Methodology from 1930s Relief Excavations in Somerset County, Pennsylvania and its Relevance to Modern Archaeological Interpretations.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 14:39-63.

             Available on line at: http://www.quemahoning.com/Somerset/BKMeans/WPA.htm

1999       Monongahela Mortuary Practices in Somerset County, Pennsylvania: Observations and Implications.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 69 (2):15-44.

2002       Revisiting Mary Butler’s “Three Archaeological Sites in Somerset County, Pennsylvania” for Continuing Insights into Depression-era Archaeology in Southwestern Pennsylvania and Late Prehistoric Monongahela Social Organization. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 72 (2): 8-46.

2003       Deliver Me From Mononga-Hell: Thinking Beyond the Culture History Paradigm to Examine the Temporal and Spatial Parameters of Somerset Monongahela Village Settlements.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 19:37-58.

2006       Circular Reasoning: Drawing on Models of Ring-shaped Village Spatial Layouts To Examine Villages in Late Prehistoric Pennsylvania. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

2007       Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition   The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Artifact Images

All photographs on this page date to 1938. Click on the image for a larger photograph.

Ceramic vessel from Powell 1
Ceramic vessel from Powell 1

 Small ceramic cup from Powell 1
Small ceramic cup from Powell 1

 Clay tobacco pipes and stems from Powell 1
Clay tobacco pipes and stems from Powell 1

  Groundstone tools from Powell 1
Groundstone tools from Powell 1

  Charred corn from  Powell 1
Charred corn from  Powell 1

  Rim sherd drawing from original field records at Powell 1
Rim sherd drawing from original field records at Powell 1

 Rim sherd drawing from original field records at Powell 1
Rim sherd drawing from original field records at Powell 1

 Clay pipe bowl drawing from original field records at Powell 1
Clay pipe bowl drawing from original field records at Powell 1