Troutman site (36 So 9)
Winter excavations by a WPA crew at the Troutman Site.

Winter excavations by a WPA crew at the Troutman Site.

Working from October 27, 1937 to January 20, 1938, a WPA crew excavated the Troutman site, which was located on an eastern spur of Big Savage Mountain. The site was not situated on level ground, but rather on a ridge that slopes gently to the northeast. This site is also located near a tributary stream to the Potomac River and may have acted as a link between the inhabitants of the Potomac River Valley and those that lived in the Upper Ohio Valley, where most Monongahela sites are located. Around half the dwellings at the Troutman site have been lost to erosion but this site, occupied ca. 1275 A.D., is notable for the largest number of human remains recorded from a single village site in Somerset County. A total of 50 individuals were documented in 48 graves. One grave contained the remains of three overlapping skeletons that represented three discrete burial episodes. The 23 existing dwellings at Troutman represent a population of 172 individuals and the total village population may have approached 350 people.
Site Maps

Site map of Troutman produced by Edgar Augustine in 1942.
Site map of Troutman produced by Edgar Augustine in 1942. 

Artifact Images

 

Bone tools recovered from Troutman Bone tools and ornaments recovered from Troutman Bone beads recovered from Troutman

Bone tools recovered

from Troutman

Bone tools and ornaments recovered from Troutman

Bone beads recovered

from Troutman

Tobacco pipes and stems recovered from Troutman Illustration in field records of tobacco pipes recovered from Troutman Shell beads and ornaments recovered  from Troutman 

Tobacco pipes and stems recovered from Troutman

Illustration in field records

of tobacco pipes recovered from Troutman

Shell beads and ornaments recovered  from Troutman

 
References

Augustine, Edgar

 

1938a     Recent Discoveries in Somerset County.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (1):6-12.

1938b     Indian Fortifications in Somerset County.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 8 (2):41-45.

 

Hart, John P.


      1993       Monongahela Subsistence-Settlement Change: The Late Prehistoric Period in the Lower Upper Ohio Valley. Journal of
World Prehistory 7:71-120.

 

Means, Bernard K.

 

1998       Archaeological Past and Present: Field Methodology from 1930s Relief Excavations in Somerset County, Pennsylvania and its Relevance to Modern Archaeological Interpretations.  Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 14:39-63.

               Available on line at: http://www.quemahoning.com/Somerset/BKMeans/WPA.htm

1999       Monongahela Mortuary Practices in Somerset County, Pennsylvania: Observations and Implications.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 69 (2):15-44.

2000       Toward a Model of Monongahela Village Community Organization: Analyzing Pit Feature Data Recovered from the 1934 to 1940 Somerset County Relief Excavations.  North American Archaeologist 21 (1):35-61.

2005a     New Dates for New Deal Excavated Monongahela Villages in Somerset County.  Pennsylvania Archaeologist 75 (1):49-61.

2005b     Late Woodland Villages in the Allegheny Mountains Region of Southwestern Pennsylvania: Temporal and Social Implications of New Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Dates.  Uplands Archaeology in the East VII and IX, edited by Carole L. Nash and Michael B. Barber, pp. 13-23.  Archeological Society of Virginia Special Publication 38-7.

2006       Circular Reasoning: Drawing on Models of Ring-shaped Village Spatial Layouts To Examine Villages in Late Prehistoric Pennsylvania. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, Tempe. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.

2006b     The social implications of a new method for estimating the number of residents within Monongahela houses from their floor areas. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology 22: 31-50.

2007       Circular Villages of the Monongahela Tradition   The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Site Scenes

All images below derived from original field notes dating to 1937 or 1938.  Click on the image for a larger photograph

Road to Troutman in winter
Road to Troutman in winter

WPA field crew at Troutman
WPA field crew at Troutman

Excavating at Troutman
Excavating at Troutman

Excavating at Troutman
Excavating at Troutman

Excavating at Troutman
Excavating at Troutman

Excavating at Troutman
Excavating at Troutman

Excavating at Troutman
Excavating at Troutman

Winter excavations at Troutman
Winter excavations at Troutman

Winter excavations at Troutman
Winter excavations at Troutman

Winter excavations at Troutman
Winter excavations at Troutman

Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman
Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman

Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman
Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman

Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman
Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman

Sticks placed in palisade postholes covered by snow at Troutman
Sticks placed in postholes of a post-enclosed storage pit at Troutman