A long-lived, slow growing native spruce that can reach 60 feet. Stiff, bluish-green needles usually less than 1 inch long. Very tolerant— withstands heat, cold, drought and crowding. Does well in full sun but tolerates shade and can be planted in the understory of deciduous forests. Dense pyramidal growth is excellent for windbreaks and shelterbelts. Low branches provide good wildlife cover. Very resistant to deer browsing.
Seedlings are 3 years old, 12 to 20 inches (avg. 18).