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AAA - Area Agency on Aging : These are the local representatives of the Pennsylvania Department of Aging. They implement the various programs for older Pennsylvanians. There are fifty-two such offices, serving all sixty-seven counties. They are staffed with caseworkers skilled in such areas as geriatrics, social work and community resources. They can assist with questions regarding nursing facilities, community services in nursing facility placement, and a wide range of other community services.
ABE - Adult Basic Education: Iinstruction designed for adults that includes grade-level measures normally encountered in grades 0 through 8.9. These adults show minimal competence in reading, writing, and computation; are not educationally competent to sufficiently meet the requirements of adult life in the United States; or are not sufficiently competent to speak, read, or write the English language to allow employment commensurate with the adult's real ability.
ABLE - Adult Basic and Literacy Education: Adult basic education programs funded by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bureau of Adult Basic and Literacy Education ABLE, provide a full range of instructional services that address the basic educational needs of adults and families. The objective of the programs offered is the improvement of the literacy skills of educationally disadvantaged adults to levels of proficiency necessary for them to meet their needs and goals in their roles as citizens, workers, and family members.
Access Point: A physical location where customers can access the web-based CareerLink® system. Staff assistance may or may not be available.
ADA - Americans with Disabilities Act: Established in 1990, the act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state, and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. Section 504 of the ADA states that "no qualified individual with a disability in the United States shall be excluded from, denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under" any program or activity that either receives Federal financial assistance or is conducted by any Executive agency or the United States Postal Service.
AJB - America's Job Bank: A website where job seekers can post their resumes and search for job openings. Employers can post job listings in the nation's largest online labor exchange, create customized job orders, and search resumes.
ALMIS - America's Labor Market Information System: A centralized database that has been developed, by the U.S. Department of Labor, for the maintenance of labor market and occupational information.
AMES - Adult Measure of Essential Skills: A standardized test of silent reading comprehension, communication written, and mathematics. It can be administered either individually or in a group setting.
ARS - Agricultural Recruitment System: A publicly operated recruitment and referral system designed to help find qualified agricultural or food-processing workers for temporary, agricultural related jobs. State employment service agencies throughout the country cooperatively manage the ARS. Through the ARS, employers' labor needs can be matched against the pool of available workers who have the skills and experience needed to perform these jobs.
ATAA - Alternative Trade Adjustment Assistance: Benefits are provided as an alternative to the benefits offered under the regular Trade Adjustment Assistance program. Participation in ATAA allows older workers, for whom retraining may not be appropriate, to accept reemployment at a lower wage and receive a wage subsidy.
Assisted Referral - An individual service referral that is entered on a job order listed on the CareerLink® website as Staff Assisted.
BECS - Bureau of Employer and Career Services: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency responsible for the overall operation of the Wagner-Peyser and related Acts. Direct the programmatic activities and the administrative support functions as well as preparation of activity reports and administrative plans to project future accomplishments. Direct the state operations of the Employment Service and related services, including employment programs for veterans, welfare recipients, Unemployment Compensation claimants, agricultural workers and older workers; services for employers; and Alien Labor Certification services. Effective March 31, 2004, the BECS became part of the Bureau of Workforce Development Partnership. [Top]
BEST - Basic English Skills Test: A measurement tool designed for adult English as a Second Language ESL learners at the survival and pre-employment skills level. [Top]
BLS - Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor: The principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics. [Top]
BRG - Business Relations Group: The USDOL Employment and Training Administration's "flagship" workforce development initiative. The BRG supports two initiatives, the Partnership for Jobs and the High-Growth Job Training Initiative Partnership for Jobs focuses on recruiting workers for large employers needing to fill positions throughout the nation, and the High-Growth Job Training initiative focuses on organizing companies within fast growing business sectors and help address their workforce needs. [Top]
BUCBA - Bureau of Unemployment Compensation Benefits and Allowances: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency that develops policies, standards, and monitoring systems to insure the Unemployment Compensation UC program is operated in accordance with the Federal Unemployment Tax Act. Serves as consultant to departmental officials on all matters pertaining to the UC Program. [Top]
BWDP - Bureau of Workforce Development Partnership: A bureau in the Workforce Development deputate in the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry. BWDP develops policies, provides guidance, and coordinates programmatic, operational and fiscal services and technical assistance to partners of the Commonwealth's workforce development system, pursuant to provisions of the Workforce Investment Act, Wagner-Peyser Act, Trade Act, Jobs for Veterans Act, and other federal and state laws, regulations and policies . In addition, BWDP provides direct employment and training services to job and training seekers and employers through statewide workforce programs. BWDP also provides technical assistance and coordination services for the local administration and oversight of CareerLink® partnerships and activities. [Top]
BWI - Bureau of Workforce Investment: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency responsible for the administration, program operations, job training and contract development of the Workforce Investment Act. Directs the programmatic activities and the administrative support functions as well as preparation of activity reports and administrative plans to project future accomplishments. Effective March 31, 2004, the BWI became part of the Bureau of Workforce Development Partnership. [Top]
Call In - Staff at a local CareerLink® office notifies a jobseeker by telephone, e-mail or letter to report to a specific job order, program, service, job fair or mass recruitment. Failure to report may impact continued receipt of unemployment compensation UC benefits if the jobseeker is an UC claimant.
CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System: Provides essential tools and resources for assessment, instruction and evaluation. CASAS provides programs with the resources and expertise to establish a comprehensive performance accountability system, address core indicators of performance, integrate literacy and occupational skill instruction, and evaluate the effectiveness of adult education and literacy programs. [Top]
CBO - Community Based Organization: A private nonprofit organization that is representative of a community or a significant segment of a community and that has demonstrated expertise and effectiveness in the field of workforce investment. [Top]
CIP - Classification of Instructional Program: A taxonomic coding scheme of instructional programs intended to facilitate the organization, collection and reporting of program completions data using classifications that capture the majority of reportable program completion activity. The CIP titles and program descriptions are intended to be generic categories into which program completions data can be placed, not exact duplicates of specific major field of study titles used by individual institutions. [Top]
CJT - Customized Job Training: The CJT program, administered by the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development, provides grant funds for specialized job training to existing or newly-hired employees. [Top]
CL - CareerLink®: The CareerLink® system is the One-Stop system used by Jobseekers, Employers and Training Providers across the Commonwealth. The online system allows Jobseekers to post resumes, view job orders and search for training courses and programs that Employers and Training Providers have submitted to the system. The physical offices allow the access to all of the online services and more. [Top]
Comprehensive Site - A physical location where all CareerLink® mandated partners' services are accessible.
CT - Customized Training: Training [Top]
  1. that is designed to meet the special requirements of an employer including a group of employers;
  2. that is conducted with a commitment by the employer to employ an individual on successful completion of the training; and
  3. for which the employer pays for not less than 50 percent of the cost of the training.
CWIA - Center for Workforce Information and Analysis: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency that manages a statewide workforce information system and the federal/state cooperative statistical programs. Designated officially as the employment statistics entity to implement and manage the local and state employment statistics system for the Commonwealth as required by the Workforce Investment Act. Compiles, verifies, analyzes and disseminates statistical data regarding employment and unemployment conditions and their related economic measures in Pennsylvania. Serves as principal workforce information advisor to the State Workforce Investment Board, local workforce investment boards, workforce investment partners, agency and executive staff, bureau directors and other management. Prepares resident labor force estimates and industry/occupational projections; develops and disseminates demographic, economic and career information; and tabulates and analyzes data in support of the unemployment compensation program. [Top]
DCED - Department of Community and Economic Development: The mission of this department is to foster opportunities for businesses and communities to succeed and thrive in a global economy, thereby enabling Pennsylvanians to achieve a superior quality of life. [Top]
DLI or L&I - Department of Labor & Industry: The is to improve the quality of life and economic security for Pennsylvania workers and businesses, encourage labor-management cooperation, and prepare the Commonwealth's workforce for the jobs of the future. [Top]
DOT - Dictionary of Occupational Titles: A book of job classifications that specifies the duties of each job listed; maintained and updated by the U.S. Department of Labor as new jobs are created and technologies change. [Top]
DPW - Department of Public Welfare: The mission of this department is to promote, improve and sustain the quality of family life; break the cycle of dependency; promote respect for employees; protect and serve Pennsylvania 's most vulnerable citizens; and manage resources effectively. [Top]
DVOP - Disabled Veterans Outreach Program: A Federal program administered by the states to identify disabled and other veterans for the purpose of assisting them to obtain employment or training. [Top]
EAC - Employer Advisory Council: A group of employers volunteering to help advise Pennsylvania's workforce development system partners. The primary purpose of the EACs at the local, regional and statewide levels is to provide support, advice and suggestions for the improvement of the Pennsylvania CareerLinks®, assist in the marketing of services, inform the community on relevant workforce topics and to seek solutions to employment, training, benefits, tax and related problems in need of local, regional or statewide attention. [Top]
EBSA - Employee Benefits Security Administration: This federal agency enforces and administers the Employment Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 ERISA, the nation's major pension law. [formerly Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration PWBA] [Top]
ED - United States Department of Education: The mission of the U.S. Department of Education is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation. [Top]
EIP - Employment Incentive Payments: A Pennsylvania State tax credit in effect through December 31, 2004. By hiring workers who are qualified cash welfare recipient or vocational rehabilitation referrals, the employer can earn tax credits that can be applied to state business taxes. [Top]
EOE - Equal Opportunity Employer: A term to signify an employer's adoption of employment practices that do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap or ancestry. [Top]
ES - Employment Service: The Wagner-Peyser Act of 1933 established a nationwide system of public employment offices, known as the Employment Service. The Act was amended in 1998 to make the Employment Service part of the One-Stop services delivery system. Through the One-Stop center, PA CareerLink®, jobseekers need only make one stop to receive the services they need to enter or reenter the labor market. The mission of Wagner-Peyser funded employment services through the PA CareerLinks® is to assist job seekers in finding jobs, to assist employers in finding qualified workers, and to provide related services to claimants to improve their access to job matching services, and to recommend job training to facilitate job matches. The modern Labor exchange provides employers service using a three tiered system including self service, staff assisted and intensive services that are tailored to meet the needs of the business and employer community. Employment Services are also referred to as Labor Exchange Services. [Top]
ESL - English as a Second Language: Adult education for adults whose inability to understand, speak, read, or write the English language constitutes a substantial impairment of their ability to get or retain employment commensurate with their real ability or to function in society or successfully complete the citizenship application process. ESL-Citizenship classes must use ESL as a method and citizenship as content. [Top]
ESOL - English for Speakers of Other Languages: English to/for speakers of other languages; refers to learners who are identified as still in the process of acquiring English as an additional language; students who may not speak English at all or, at least, do not speak, understand, and write English with the same facility as their classmates because they did not grow up speaking English rather they primarily spoke another language at home. [Top]
ETA or DOLETA - Employment and Training Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor: The mission of this department is to contribute to the more efficient functioning of the U.S. labor market by providing high quality job training, employment, labor market information, and income maintenance services primarily through state and local workforce development systems. [Top]
ETPP - Eligible Training Programs/Providers: A Statewide List available to the public on the PA CareerLink® website that includes courses/programs that have met the established eligibility standards, including performance standards. Recipients of Trade Adjustment Assistance TAA and Workforce Investment Act WIA Individual Training Accounts ITAs may only use their training funds in a course/program on the Statewide List. [Top]
EUC - Extended Unemployment Compensation: A program that pays benefits to individuals who have exhausted their right to regular benefits and have no rights to regular extended or additional benefits under any State law. [Top]
FBP - Federal Bonding Program: The FBP provides fidelity bonding insurance coverage, sometimes called "dishonesty bonding", to ex-offenders and other high-risk job applicants who are qualified but fail to get jobs because commercial bonding is denied due to their backgrounds. Bonding is at no cost to the employer or the employee. [Top]
FERPA - Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: The FERPA of 1974, commonly referred to as the Buckley Amendment, protects the rights of students by controlling the creation, maintenance, and access to educational records. It guarantees students' access to their academic records while prohibiting unauthorized access by others. [Top]
FLC - Foreign Labor Certification: An agreement with the United State Department of Labor USDOL requires Pennsylvania CareerLinks® to attempt to recruit U.S. workers for all FLC Job Orders and to determine whether or not there are any qualified job seekers available before foreign workers are permitted to enter the U.S. to work in these jobs. [Top]
FY - Fiscal Year: The fiscal year in the Federal Government accounting period begins October 1 of a given year and ends September 30 of the following year; thus, fiscal year 2003 began on October 1, 2002, and ended September 30, 2003. The fiscal year in the Pennsylvania Government begins July 1 of a given year and ends June 30 of the following year; thus, State fiscal year 2003 began on July 1, 2003 and ended on June 30, 2004. [Top]
GVOAC - Governor's Veterans Outreach and Assistance Centers: The Centers serve as a bridge between a veteran or veteran's dependent seeking information or assistance and the government or private agency which can best help them meet their needs. The Centers serve as an information, referral and follow-up agency and will attempt to provide assistance on almost any type of problem. Outreach visits are conducted throughout the state. [Top]
HCTC - Health Coverage Tax Credit: The HCTC is a refundable, advanceable tax credit for 65% of the cost of qualified health insurance. These benefits are available to those individuals: 1 who receive a Trade Readjustment Allowance TRA under the Trade Adjustment Assistance TAA program; 2 who are eligible for TRA under the TAA program but have not exhausted their unemployment insurance benefits; 3 who receive benefits under the ATAA program; 4 who receive pension benefits form the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation PBGC, or who have received a lump sum payment from the PBGC after August 5, 2002 and are at least 55 years old. [Top]
IEP - Individual Employment Plan: The IEP is an ongoing strategy jointly developed by the participant and the case manager that identifies the participant's employment goals, the appropriate achievement objectives, and the appropriate combination of services for the participant to achieve the employment goals. [Top]
ITA - Individual Training Account: An ITA is a voucher that customers can use to pay for training of their choice, so long as the training program is on an approved list the eligible training provider list and meets minimum standards of performance. [Top]
Job Order - A job posing on the CareerLink® website which provides information on the available job such as wages, benefits, job title, job description, qualification requirements, number of positions available, number of referrals requested, employer's name, address and contact information. It also serves as a record of referrals including hiring results.
Job Order Referral - A job order referral is the action that links an open position on a job order with a job seeker that has the training and/or experience that matches the requirements of the position. A referral of the job seeker is made to the employer. This can occur through the CareerLink® system as a result of a self-referral by the jobseeker or as a result of local CareerLink® staff referrals based on conducting job match searches in the CareerLink® system. Job Order referrals are recorded in the job order activity log. The assignment to a county for job order referrals is based on the job order location county identified on the job order.
Job Seeker - A jobseeker is an individual who is either employed, unemployed, or never employed and is looking for work. Jobseekers can access the public labor exchange/employment services through the CareerLink® system by going online at or by visiting one of the local CareerLink® offices throughout the State. Jobseekers can receive employment services through self-services using the computerized system, through facilitated self help usually in the Career Resource Area in a local CareerLink® office, or through staff assisted services working directly with staff at a local CareerLink® office.
Labor Exchange - Services provided to job seekers and employers by the State Employment Administration and funded through the Wagner-Peyser Act. Services to job seekers may include assessment, testing, counseling, provision of labor market information and referral to prospective employers. Employer service may include accepting job orders, screening applicants, referring qualified applicants and providing follow-up.[
LEP - Limited English Proficient: Individuals who do not speak English as their primary language and who have a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English can be limited English proficient, or LEP. [Top]
LLSIL - Lower Living Standard Income Level: The income level adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban, and rural differences and family size determined annually by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Labor based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary. [Top]
LMI - Labor Market Information: The body of information that deals with the functioning of labor markets and the determination of the demand for and supply of labor. It includes, but is not limited to such key factors as changes in the level and/or composition of economic activity, the population, employment and unemployment, income, earnings, wage rates and fringe benefits. [Top]
LVER - Local Veterans Employment Representative: A Federal program administered by the states, through local representatives, to provide assistance to veterans and other eligible persons who are seeking employment or training. LVER's serve as a liaison between the employer community and the CareerLink®. [Top]
LWIA - Local Workforce Investment Area: A service area determined by geographic location, population and commonality of labor market areas. Twenty-three LWIAs administer Workforce Investment Act services in Pennsylvania . [Top]
Mini Site - A physical location where two or more CareerLink® partners are providing services for their programs and also providing access to the web-based CareerLink® system and staff assistance to customers.
MSFW - Migrant Seasonal Farm Workers: A MSFW is either a migrant farmworker, a seasonal farmworker, or a migrant food processing worker. [Top]
NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement: NAFTA, which was approved by Congress in 1993, set up an open trading zone among the United States , Canada and Mexico. [Top]
NAICS - North American Industry Classification System: NAICS classifies industries using 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6- digit levels of detail. The NAICS was developed by representatives from the United States , Canada, and Mexico, and replaces each country's separate classification system with one uniform system for classifying industries. In the United States, NAICS replaces the Standard Industrial Classification. [Top]
ND - New Directions: Provides job ready individuals with immediate access to a PA CareerLink® representative who then matches the individual's job skills, interests, and work experience with current employment opportunities. This program also provides employers with a pool of job ready candidates. [Top]
NRS - National Reporting System: The NRS is a nationally recognized mechanism for reporting outcomes of adult English language, literacy and numeracy programs. [Top]
O*Net - Occupational Information Network: The O*NET database , maintained by the U.S. Department of Labor, is a comprehensive source of descriptors, with ratings of importance, level, frequency or extent, for more than 950 occupations that are key to our economy. The new O*NET 5.1 database represents a major milestone, adding new data collected directly from job incumbents for over 50 occupations. O*NET descriptors include: skills, abilities, knowledge, tasks, work activities, work context, experience levels required, job interests, and work values/needs. Each O*NET occupational title and code is based on the most current version 2000 of the Standard Occupational Classification System. This ensures that O*NET information links directly to other labor market information, such as wage and employment statistics. [Top]
OEO - Office of Equal Opportunity: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency that develops, implements, and maintains a departmental program to aid in representation of minority, female and handicapped employees throughout the Department's work force. Develops recruitment activities and programs to target groups. Conducts training sessions for employees, supervisors and managers designed to increase awareness of the laws governing Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action. Investigates and resolves complaints and grievances alleging discrimination. Prepares the Department's Affirmative Action Plan, including narrative and statistical information. [Top]
OES - Occupational Employment Statistics [Top]
OIT - Office for Information Technology: OA/OIT is responsible for developing and administering statewide policies and standards governing management and use of the Commonwealth's information technology IT resources. [Top]
OJT - On-the-Job Training: Training by an employer that is provided to a paid participant while engaged in productive work in a job that: [Top]
  1. provides knowledge or skills essential to the full and adequate performance of the job;
  2. provides reimbursement to the employer of up to 50 percent of the wage rate of the participant, for the extraordinary costs of providing the training and additional supervision related to the training; and
  3. is limited in duration as appropriate to the occupation for which the participant is being training, taking into account the content of the training, the prior work experience of the participant, and the service strategy of the participant, as appropriate.
OVR - Office of Vocational Rehabilitation: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency responsible for the delivery of OVR services to persons with disabilities which includes eligibility determination, evaluation, and planning a program to lead to employment. Develop local service provider agreements, and promote the employment and integration of persons with disabilities into the community as well as the concepts of non-discrimination and equal access. [Top]
OUCSC - Office of Unemployment Compensation Service Centers: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry agency that plans, organizes and directs all activities for taking, processing and payment of all unemployment claims filed through Unemployment Compensation Service Centers. Develops policies, standards and monitoring systems to ensure the Unemployment Compensation Program is operated in accordance with federal and state laws and ensure the most efficient application of modern technology in the provision of Unemployment Compensation Services. Integrates unemployment compensation services with the CareerLink® system. [Top]
PBGC - Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation: This is a federal government corporation that protects pension plans. If an employer has financial difficulty and cannot fund the pension plan and the plan does not have enough money to pay the promised benefits, PBGC will assume the responsibility as trustee of the plan. [Top]
PDE - Pennsylvania Department of Education: The mission of the Pennsylvania Department of Education is to assist the General Assembly, the Governor, the Secretary of Education and Pennsylvania educators in providing for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of education. [Top]
PREP - Pennsylvania Profile ReEmployment Program: PREP is designed to identify claimants who are most likely to exhaust UC benefits and who may need job assistance to expedite their reemployment. PREP participants are provided orientation to the PREP program, assessment of their needs to include a career plan, job match and referral, and the use of the Career Resource Center. Other services available may include: job development, labor market information, resume preparation assistance, career guidance, job search workshops, job clubs, and/or education and training. [Top]
Project GATE - The goal of the Project GATE, or Growing America Through Entrepreneurship, demonstration project is to help emerging entrepreneurs in rural and urban communities achieve the dream of owning their own business. Project GATE supports economic freedom through promoting individual entrepreneurship. Project GATE seeks to energize local small business creation and help diverse urban and rural populations create, support and expand small businesses. [Top]
PY - Program Year: A program year begins July 1 of a given year and ends June 30 of the following year; thus, program year 2002 began on July 1, 2002, and will ended on June 30, 2003. [Top]
Raise-up - The goal of the project is to assist the Pennsylvania CareerLink® system in its quest for world-class service for persons with disabilities through the sharing of best practice achievements and elements of best practice. [Top]
Remedial Education: Remedial education is defined as training in the elementary skills that every worker must have in order to achieve basic reemployability.
RRP - Pennsylvania Rapid Reemployment Program: The program looks at the entire continuum of services for Unemployment Compensation UC claimants, from their first awareness of an impending layoff, through their initial UC claim, reemployment services and eventual return to work. Rapid Reemployment Program RRP participants are provided orientation to the RRP program, needs assessment to include a career plan, job match and referral, and the use of the Career Resource Center. Other services provided may include: additional job search assistance, job search workshops, job finding clubs, career guidance services, labor market information, job development, and interview skills, and resume preparation assistance. [Top]
SEA - Self-Employment Assistance: The SEA program allows profiled unemployed individuals the ability to receive payments from the unemployment fund for the purpose of establishing a business and becoming self employed. [Top]
SOC - Standard Occupational Classification: SOC codes are used by all Federal statistical agencies to classify workers into occupational categories for the purpose of collecting, calculating, or disseminating data. All workers are classified into one of over 820 occupations according to their occupational definition. To facilitate classification, occupations are combined to form 23 major groups, 96 minor groups, and 449 broad occupations. Each broad occupation includes detailed occupations requiring similar job duties, skills, education, or experience. [Top]
SPL - Student Performance Levels: A standard description of a student's ESOL language ability at a given level in terms of speaking, listening, reading, writing, and the ability to communicate with a native speaker; a profile of skill levels for a student can thus be assigned and used for placement, instructional, or reporting purposes. [Top]
SPOC - Single Point of Contact: The purpose of SPOC is to address the needs of welfare and low income individuals with serious barriers to gaining and maintaining employment by providing comprehensive case management, remediation, education with special emphasis on individuals with limited English proficiency, skills training, work activities, job placement and retention activities, as well as providing supportive services, including payment for childcare. Included in SPOC are services especially designed to meet the needs of out-of-school pregnant and parenting youth between the ages of 18 to 22, as well as non-assistance custodial or non-custodial fathers. Work activities in SPOC include unsubsidized employment, subsidized employment, paid work experience, and community service. [Top]
SSN - Social Security Number: A record identifier used by the Social Security Administration; often used by other entities as the unique personal identifier for information management purposes. [Top]
TAA - Trade Adjustment Assistance: The TAA program is a federal program established under the Trade Act of 1974 that provides aid to workers who lose their jobs or whose hours of work and wages are reduced as a result of increased imports. The TAA program offers a variety of benefits and reemployment services to help unemployed workers prepare for and obtain suitable employment. Workers may be eligible for training, job search and relocation allowances, income support and other reemployment services. [Top]
TABE - Test of Adult Basic Education: TABE is designed to assess reading, mathematics, language, and spelling skills. It also includes a version in Spanish and independent tests that assess basic skills in work-related contexts. The TABE is available in paper-and-pencil and computer-based formats. [Top]
TAG - Technical Assistance Guide: DOLETA Advisories used to issue state workforce agencies technical instructions, information, or guidance concerning either 1 a specific program or administrative area or, 2 a group of related activities or functions pertaining to a single program or administrative area. [Top]
TANF - Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: The TANF Program is designed to provide short-term assistance to families when the support of one or both parents is interrupted. It also provides supplemental support when family income from employment and other sources in not sufficient to meet basic needs. It is not intended to provide long-term support or become a way of life. [Top]
TAPR - Trade Act Participant Report: The TAPR is a Federal report used to track program performance and participant outcomes for the Trade Adjustment Assistance TAA and NAFTA Transitional Adjustment Assistance NAFTA-TAA programs. [Top]
TEGL - Training and Employment Guidance Letter: An Employment and Training letter, issued by DOLETA, used to transmit program development and interpretative guidance statements, as well as funding allotments to State Workforce Liaisons, State Workforce Agencies, State Worker Adjustment Liaisons, One-Stop Center System Leads, and Welfare-to-Work WtW Grantees. [Top]
TEIN - Training and Employment Information Notice: An Employment and Training advisory, issued by DOLETA, used to transmit policy and operational guidance to the WIA state and local workforce systems and Welfare-to-Work WtW. Note: The TEN replaced the TEIN beginning in November 2001. [Top]
TEN - Training and Employment Notice: A DOLETA issuance that is used by product line offices to communicate announcements of meetings and publications or general information. They are signed by the product line administrator and posted on the advisory website at USDOL's website. TENs are issued to a specific product line's customers or to the entire WIA system, depending on the nature of the information being communicated. They are sequentially numbered, beginning with TEN No. 1-01, for all of ETA and indexed. Note: The TEN replaced the TEIN beginning in November 2001. [Top]
TEUC - Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation: TEUC provides extra weeks of federally-funded unemployment benefits to unemployed workers throughout the country who have received all regular unemployment benefits available to them.
Individuals who had a TEUC balance in their account as of December 31, 2003, may continue to collect that balance through the week ending April 3, 2004. The right to file a new TEUC claim to establish eligibility expired the last full week of December, 2003. [Top]
TRA - Trade Readjustment Allowances: TRA are income support to persons who have exhausted Unemployment Compensation and whose jobs were affected by foreign imports. [Top]
UC - Unemployment Compensation: UC is income support against job loss. It provides an income to people who become unemployed through no fault of their own. UC Benefits are paid, for a limited time, to individuals who are able and available for suitable work, but who continue to be unemployed while looking for another job. To be covered by the UC program, a worker must have performed services covered by the Pennsylvania UC Law, and must have worked for an employer who is required by law or elects to pay into the UC Trust Fund. [Top]
UI - Unemployment Insurance: Programs established to provide temporary benefits to workers covered by a state's Unemployment Compensation Act; intended to sustain individual members of the workforce and their families economically while they search for work; also the name commonly given to the unit within a state's economic security agency that administers the Unemployment Insurance program. [Top]
USDOL - United States Department of Labor: The mission of the U.S. Department of Labor is to foster and promote the welfare of the job seekers, wage earners, and retirees of the United States by improving their working conditions, advancing their opportunities for profitable employment, protecting their retirement and health care benefits, health care benefits, helping employers find workers, strengthening free collective bargaining, and tracking changes in employment, prices, and other national economic measurements. [Top]
VA - Veterans Administration: The goal of the Veterans Administration is to provide excellence in patient care, veterans' benefits and customer satisfaction. [Top]
VETS - Veterans' Employment and Training Service: The mission of the VETS is to provide Veterans with the resources and services to succeed in the 21st century work force by maximizing their employment opportunities, protecting their employment rights and meeting labor-market demands with qualified Veterans. [Top]
WARN - Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification: WARN offers protection to workers, their families and communities by requiring certain employers to provide notice 60 days in advance of covered plant closings and covered mass layoffs. This notice must be provided to either affected workers or their representatives e.g., a labor union; to the State dislocated worker unit; and to the appropriate unit of local government. [Top]
WIA - Workforce Investment Act: WIA is a federal law, effective July 1, 2000, that governs how publicly-funded workforce investment and training services operate. The six key principles of WIA are:
  1. Streamlining services: Multiple employment and training programs are integrated into one system;
  2. Universal Access: Every individual has access to basic or "core" services;
  3. Increased accountability: States, local service areas, and training providers are held accountable for performance results;
  4. Strong role for local boards: WIA establishes Local Workforce Investment Boards that play a strong role in the implementation of WIA;
  5. State and local flexibility: States and local areas have a great deal of flexibility in how funding is used to customize services to meet the needs of the local community; and
  6. Improved youth programs: The act establishes a youth council in each area, and links youth programs more closely to local labor market needs. [Top]
WIB - Workforce Investment Board: Workforce Investment Boards were established to set policy for the workforce development system. They are responsible for system building, strategic planning, knowledge development and continued oversight of workforce development programs. Boards identify the appropriate issues and establish priorities for action, and contract to service providers and training agencies for the provision of core, intensive and training services. [Top]
In Pennsylvania there are twenty-two Local Workforce Investment Boards LWIB and one State Workforce Investment Board SWIB or WIB
WIIN - Workforce Investment Information Notice: WIINs are the mechanism utilized in the Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry for the distribution of any workforce development program guidance or policy information distributed to assist in the administration of programs and/or services under the Deputy Secretary of Workforce Development. Upon approval of the deputate, WIINs are issued by the Bureau Director originating the WIIN using a standardized format. [Top]
WOTC - Work Opportunities Tax Credit: WOTC is a federal tax credit that encourages employers to hire nine targeted groups of job seekers by reducing employers' federal income tax liability by as much as $2,400 per qualified new worker; $750, if working 120 hours or $1,200, if working 400 hours or more, per qualified summer youth. [Top]
WRIS - Wage Record Interchange System: The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 created a performance accountability system that mandated the use of Unemployment Insurance wage records to measure performance indicators. WRIS is a nationwide system to facilitate the performance accountability system by providing a means for exchanging interstate requests for wage record data among states. [Top]
WtW - Welfare to Work: The purpose of the WtW program is to move hard-to-employ individuals into unsubsidized employment by providing intensive job search activities for participants who are not working and/or skills training and education and job retention services for clients who are employed. Note: This program ended June 30, 2004. [Top]
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